Famous North American Gold Rushes-melia kreiling

UnCategorized Gold is the ultimate precious metal. For hundreds of years, nations around the world based their economy on the value of gold. Gold was something to be sought after, a physical symbol of wealth and prosperity. People, especially those raised in poverty, thought of gold as the means to a new life. It is no wonder then that whenever gold was discovered in an area, the discovery was the catalyst for thousands of prospectors and immigrants to flock to the gold rich area. In the history of North America, there are several recorded instances of these massive movements known as gold rushes. California Gold Rush On January 24, 1848 James W. Marshall, a sawmill operator, discovered gold at Sutter’s Mill in Coloma, California. The discovery was a phenomenon. As word spread of Marshall’s discovery, over 300,000 men, women, and children flocked to the California area in the hope of discovering gold. Because a majority of this migration happened in 1849, these immigrants are referred to as the "forty-niners," the inspiration for the name of one of California’s favorite major league football teams. This period was significant in the history of California and in the early settling of the state. Cities like San Francisco transformed from small settlements into bustling towns called "boomtowns." These massive populations bursts led to the creation of California as a state. Colorado Gold Rush Like the California Gold Rush, the discovery of gold in Colorado was responsible for a huge population boom in the soon to be incorporated state. In 1850 several parties of gold seekers panned small amounts of gold from streams at the foot of the Rocky Mountains. When news spread of the fact, over 100,000 gold seekers flooded the state. Colorado cities like Denver and Boulder began as small gold mining camps that attracted many gold seekers. Klondike Gold Rush Perhaps the North American gold rush that actually produced the most gold, the Klondike Gold Rush began in 1890s when gold prospectors in the Klondike and Yukon areas of Canada and the soon-to-be Alaska discovered gold. The news of the gold rush reached the people of North America during a significant economic recession. Many unemployed prospectors headed North to try their luck panning gold. The Klondike Gold Rush was significant in both Canada’s and Alaska’s settlement and history. This cultural legacy has been immortalized in many of Jack London’s novels as well as works by folk lyricist Robert W. Service who penned the famous poem "The Cremation of Sam McGee." These gold rushes were monumental events and were essential in the settlement of the American west. About the Author: 相关的主题文章: